The “landraces” are the native varieties, wild, local, of a plant (Cannabis in our case), once used or cultivated by humans, but not selected, and then intentionally not improved, but the individuals with the most suitable characteristics in that particular environment.
Cannabis has accompanied man in his spread on the ground, being present at all latitudes even in present days, from Siberia to the equator and from America to Tierra del Fuego. No one knows the exact origin of Cannabis (many myths say it arrived from elsewhere in the Universe …), but until the first of its prohibition and the attempt of some mad men to make her disappear, local varieties of Cannabis has been existing in every particular microclimate of our planet . In most of the places cannabis was grown in open fields, but many seeds were carried away by birds, goats, sheep, herbivores and omnivores in general (including humans) that eat the plants or seeds themselves and then release them elsewhere through their droppings. In this regard I would point out that cannabis that grows wild in the mountains of Asia represents a reservoir of essential food for migratory birds, and that if it were to disappear, the ecological damage would be incalculable.
Plants that are born alone, without human intervention, are subject to natural selection tough. The competition with other plants is the first problem, and only a great capacity of adaptation allows a species to survive in different microclimates.
Individuals born outside of cultivation, survived all the attacks of the surrounding environment, coming to form fertile seeds, are the progenitors of what may be a native variety. Cannabis has a great capacity for adaptation, and if it finds an area that hosts it (without being destroyed by men), within a few generations it will be able to change some of its morphological characters to survive the best in that particular microclimate.
Unfortunately, prohibition has meant that in many places on the planet the cultivation of cannabis has disappeared and plants grown without human intervention also has been persecuted.
From “landraces”, by selection of the strongest individuals for that particular microclimate , varieties of Cannabis for multiple uses have been created with the specific genetic traits that one was looking for (like size of the plant, the content and quality of the fiber, of the resin, of the seeds, braching, quality of the stem, resistance to pests and diseases, aging times). Sometimes for different purposes in the same environment (eg. In Turkey coexisted fiber varieties and other grown for resin). We recall the most famous and important variety of fiber, “Carmagnola”, born from the selection of the best quality native plants of Italy, one of the “landraces,” now again on the fields.
Prohibition has meant that many of the original “landraces” disappeared, either because fiber plants with a quantity of active ingredient no longer accepted by the crazy new laws (although it is recognized that the ability of cannabis to resist many pathogens lies in cannabinoids present in the resin, and the new Industrial “cultivars” often require treatments with pesticides) or, if grown for the resin, for the introduction of new genetic material from other latitudes, and mainly made only from an irrational fear towards a vegetable due Only to a well-orchestrated propaganda.
The selection of the best varieties of resin from around the world, and their cross, have led, over the past 40 years, creating many new varieties, most suitable to be grown indoors or in confined spaces.
Unfortunately the vast majority of these new “strains” are created indoors, with microclimates created artificially and standardized, with reproduction techniques that weaken the gene pool and prevent the recognition of individuals with those differences that make them successful in different environments. The strength of cannabis is its natural mode of reproduction: a single inflorescence can be fertilized by pollen from dozens of different males, and produce seeds containing genetic combinations quite variable. it was the recognition abilities of HEMP FARMER to select individuals who could respond to multiple demands and make them ideal for creating ,selecting wild plants, new “cultivars” (the same as “variety” or “strain”). It takes 3-4 generations to ensure that a new variety is suitable successfully to a new environment, and already in the second generation you will begin to see plants that are able to exploit the different growth conditions.
Our society wants everything to be uniform and standardized. This is to ease trade and mechanization. But biodiversity is key to the preservation of life on the planet.
Today we tend to grow plants that are all clones of the same individual,seeds born by parents from both clones or the same plant (having an identical genetic)
And the best charas or hashish is always coming more different plants in terms of fragrances and percentages of cannabinoids.